Recommended: How routers work
When dealing with home network configuration, device connectivity and IoT security, it is useful to have a good understanding of what our home routers actually do, how they protect us, and how we can configure them better. Many consumer routers have less than optimal settings out of the box, so it is always advisable to inspect the settings in the configuration interface and ensure that tings are as they should be to avoid any unwanted snooping.
Rather than go into the technical details on this topic, I thought it would be useful to recommend a series of excellent animated videos which go into the details of routing, NAT (Network Address Translation), port forwarding, UPnP, and other important concepts.
This particular podcast segment is broken up into 4 digestible segments, A to D. Steve knows his stuff, and it's well worth sitting through these.